Quote:
Originally Posted by feudallord
Russia signed a deal with Jordan apparently letting them build a nuclear plant. There's some fission/fusion there no? I guess that's an application of efficient energy, what happens when a rod breaks and green goo gets sprayed all over the place?

fortunately this particular nuclear plant is being built by Rosatom rather than Columbia TriStar.
conventional pressurised water reactors are fueled by pelletised uranium oxide, which is black rather than green, contained in a zirconium alloy rod with a tensile strength of around 380 MPa (55000 psi)
pressure (Pa) = force (N) x area (m^2)
which can be rearranged as
N = Pa/m^2
I have in my possession a claw hammer, with a mass of approximately half a kilo according to my bathroom scales. its face has an area of ~1.3×10^3 m^2.
the area is 1.3×10^3 m^2, and the necessary pressure is 380MPa, therefore the force we would need to generate with our hammer to crack the zirconium alloy rod is:
N = 3.8 x 10^8 Pa / 1.3 x 10^13 m^2
= 3.0 x 10^11 N
the Newton is the SI unit of force, defined thusly:
force = mass x acceleration
N = kg x m/s2
again this can be rearranged to give:
m/s^2 = N/kg
and plugging in our known values
m/s^2 = 3.0 x 10^11 / 0.5
= 1.5 x 10^11 m/s^2
a retired navy seal with over 200 confirmed kills was measured to be able to move our hammer through the necessary distance in 0.2 seconds, therefore, in order for him to be able to overcome the tensile strength of the zirconium alloy rod, the velocity of the hammer at the time of contact would need to be:
(dv = v1 since v0 = 0m/s)
a = dv/dt therefore dv = a x dt
dv = 1.5 x 10^11m/s^2 x 0.2s
= 3.0 x 10^10 m/s
or approximately one hundred times the speed of light...
and so, we can conclude that even a retired navy seal with over 200 confirmed kills wielding a standard soccer riot grade claw hammer would be categorically incapable of damaging our zirconium rod and spraying green (black) goo (pellets) all over the place. most likely, you are thinking of a glow stick.
Kc